How to Live Longer? History Vs Nowadays
Have you ever thought about death? We don’t talk about Monday morning, but in general, you know. Sooner or later, this is what we all will come to. This thought, is not such a positive one, it causes fear in us. Therefore, many of us want to live as long as possible: we make films about life extension or ways to reach immortality. We know examples of centenarians in various countries.
But is there any exact recipe for longevity? This is what we will talk about in this article, revealing also the history of the subject.
Well-chosen nutrition, right thoughts and love – this is the key points of the Tibetan monks’ longevity. They believed that the prevalence of herbs over meat in the diet helps to prolong life, along with the prevalence of good, kind thoughts over bad ones. They equated greed, envy, evil with poison. But love ennobled the soul.
Egypt is a hot, now popular tourist destination with a rich cultural heritage. What do you think the Egyptians did to extend their lives? They sweated!
They were sure that with sweat the old age leaves the body. Under the rays of the scorching sun, using such a tool is very simple – it was only necessary to turn to physical labor. (The Pharaohs were supportive of their slaves, wishing them long life, ah?).
As for Ancient Russia, here we could find rejuvenating apples. Fairy-tale heroes went after them to distant lands, exposing themselves to many dangers. More than that, in England even now apples are considered like one of the main means of preserving youth and health. There comes an old saying: “Apple a day keep a doctor away “.
The ancient Greeks made great strides in this area. At that time we thought that you need to walk more, overcoming malaise and weakness, if you have one. Hippocrates preached moderation in food, clean air and bathing. He called for daily body massage and exercise. Gymnastic exercises, in addition, were multiple, depending on the physical abilities and temperament of the person. And if you think that philosophers were frail, feeble old people, I’ll surprise you: Plato, for example, has won many sports competitions; Democritus, in addition to his famous doctrine of atoms, suggested the existence of microorganisms that cause various diseases, and also lived to be over 90 years old, eating a spoonful of honey every day; Plutarch uttered a famous phrase that is relevant today: “Keep your feet warm and your head cold.”
However, with the growth of their well-being, both the Greeks and the Romans subsequently forgot about their own instructions, spending all their free time in drunkenness and excess. The situation was further aggravated in the Middle Ages.
Europe in the Middle Ages
It was a time when witchcraft and alchemy dominated the minds of people. It was sincerely believed that magic could provide long years of life. Moreover, many citizens were using the “evil” forces. Everyone was looking for contacts with afterlife spirits. Medieval people neglected real doctors who believed in science.
Alchemists set the tone, claiming that they were able to turn ordinary lead into gold, and they also knew the recipe for the “philosopher’s stone.” It is he who gives immortality to people.
Here we can especially mention the physician and alchemist Paracelsus (XVI century) who became widely known like a good doctor and became one of the founders of chemotherapy. But along with professional qualities, this man possessed exorbitant pride. He liked to say that there is no disease in the world that he could not cure.
Paracelsus was endowed with a good oratory. But he always expressed himself so mysteriously and incomprehensibly that people considered him like unusually smart, knowing what others didn’t know. Everyone thought that the doctor possessed the secret of immortality. However, in 1541, bitter disappointment awaited them. The great alchemist and doctor died 3 days after his birthday. By the time of his death, he was 48 years old.
In the Middle Ages, the secrets of longevity were directly linked with celestial bodies. It means, if you know exactly the time of birth, then you can easily determine the whole fateful path and time of death. Many educated people approved this theory, what only added credibility to astrologers.
People tried to extend the years of life by wearing various amulets and talismans. Those objects tripled the power of the celestial constellations and, thereby, averted illness and misfortune. All this, of course, was contrary to medicine. Consequently, there was no effect, and life expectancy in the Middle Ages was very low.
Gradually, people abandoned mysticism and began to perceive the world around them more realistically. We came back to the medicine, which specialists determined like the internal positive attitude that greatly contributes to the extension of life.
Here we present you some recommendations from the Newest times to extend the years of his life:
1. Thinking about death is not forbidden. But at the same time, you must constantly tune yourself to live in the world for another 40-50 years.
2. You need to sleep more and wash more often.
3. You should drink tea every day, but you should refuse partly from wine and champagne.
4. You must not allow yourself to be bored. This is a direct road to the finale.
5. Older people need to meet young people more often.
6. The guarantee of health is a sincere laugh, but slander can do certain harm to you.
Mechnikov developed his secret of longevity. He came up with a special lactic drink and used it every night before going to bed. He believed that the drink prevents aging, and died at the age of 71. BUT it should be noted that many people who did not drink such whey lived much longer.
Longevity in different countries
Today, specialists cannot find a single algorithm of behavior that would be able to lead to longevity. For all peoples, this very algorithm is completely different.
More than 3 thousand people who have crossed the 100-year mark live in Cuba. The average life expectancy in the country is 77 years. Along with this, the standard of living is extremely low. All Cubans drink coffee and smoke cigars in exuberant quantities. These people do not care about their health, but they live extremely long. True, they ignore alcohol, but cigar smoke is more harmful than wine and vodka. There is no explanation for the Cuban phenomenon.
The Japanese also live long. Every day they eat vegetables, seafood, like to sleep and drink several cups of green tea per day. Optimistic Japanese never complain about life. It is simply not accepted. But their sense of humor is highly valued. It should also be noted that in the country olive oil is preferred to butter, and instead of salt, soy sauce is added to food.
In the UK we can also find many example of long-living people, like Grace Jones, who died in November 2013. This venerable lady lived 113 years. For the past 80 years, he regularly ate fish generously flavored with salt. But she didn’t take vegetables in her mouth at all. She just didn’t love them. But this did not affect life expectancy.
But the Germans have their own secret to longevity. They are deeply convinced that if you drink a bottle of beer every night, you can live a very long time. This is confirmed by practice. In Germany, there are an extremely large number of elderly people who have crossed the 80-year milestone and have been indulging in beer all their lives. But here we must understand that they were limited to a bottle, and not a mug or canister. Everything is good in moderation.
Many experts are deeply convinced that life expectancy of 70% depends on heredity. It is generally accepted that a predisposition to long life is spelled out at the DNA level – which means that it can be inherited from ancestors. However, recent studies prove that the role of genes in this process is greatly exaggerated, and the heredity factor in long-livers does not exceed 10%.
Moreover, it turned out that epigenetic aging proceeds at different speeds in various tissues. Epigenetic watches systematically underestimate the biological age of people who were about 60 years old. At the same time, scientists do not yet know what is the reason for such a slowdown in DNA methylation. The mismatch between epigenetic aging and chronological age indicates the existence of a hypothetical central mechanism, and DNA methylation is only a side process. But hereditary predisposition, if it is negative, can be corrected. A measured and calm lifestyle, it would seem, should contribute to longevity. But this is not always true.
As practice proves that people who have lived for many years have experienced constant stress in the first half of their life, but the second half has been calm and serene in them.
Now many scientists are trying to find some kind of a pill, “curing” the old age, and even if they haven’t done it, the results of experiments are impressive.
The most amazing effect was described in the journal Nature: in nine volunteers in California who took growth hormone and two diabetes drugs for a year, the aging process did not just stop, but reversed. For the year of the experiment, the biological age of its participants, determined by special DNA markers, decreased by an average of 2.5 years.
Also a group of American scientists is working to create a new class of medicines – Senolitics, capable of targeted destruction of old cells. The first tests were successfully carried out on 14 volunteers who were simultaneously given a cure for leukemia and a natural dietary supplement. Now the combination of these two drugs is undergoing more extensive clinical trials, but other options for senolytics have already been developed.
Finally, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle. Then the body will have opportunities for self-regulation. Without the intervention of medications, it will be able to debug the work of his organs.