Why blackheads appear on the face and how to get rid of them

In this article, we will tell you how black dots appear on the face and how to understand why black dots appear, and we will also show you how to properly care for your skin. About what to do and what mistakes to avoid. what procedures can not be done if there are black dots on the skin.

The formation of black dots (comedones) is quite normal. It’s just sebum – oxidized sebum. When the secretion of the sebaceous glands comes into contact with air, it darkens – this process is the same for both women and men. The amount of secretion differs due to fluctuations in hormonal status, age, lifestyle.

Most often, this problem becomes noticeable and worries young people during puberty, when the secretion of the sebaceous glands is increased. The number of blackheads also depends on the type of skin. For example, on oily skin with enlarged pores, they are more noticeable than on dry and normal. Stress can also make the problem worse.

How to get rid of blackheads

Why blackheads appear on the face and how to get rid of them

Blackheads are not a pathology, not a disease, but a variant of the norm. But this does not mean that nothing can or should not be done. Getting rid of the problem once and for all will not work, only proper and regular care will help.

Every day, the skin performs many important functions, some of which are associated with the secretion of the secretion of the sebaceous glands. This secret is part of the hydrolipid mantle of the skin, which protects against drying out, the attack of pathogenic bacteria and microbes, fungi, maintains a healthy pH and microflora. There are also beneficial microorganisms on the skin that help maintain health. Sebum for them is both food and habitat. If this microcosm is destroyed, various problems will begin.

However, the work of the sebaceous glands can be taken under control: periodically remove black dots, excess sebum, keratinized skin scales. Just do it carefully, otherwise the pores will stretch, and sebum will be produced even more. The contents of the sebaceous glands will become inflamed – and then acne will appear instead of black dots. It is the wrong skin care with black dots that quite often ends in the development of acne.

It is important to know what procedures cannot be done if there are black dots on the skin:

  • squeeze out black dots at home;
  • use alcohol lotions and tonics;
  • rub with hard brushes and washcloths;
  • scrub intensively and often;
  • use soap and cleansers containing it;
  • use products that contain comedogenic substances – lanolin, oil refining products, UV filters;
  • abuse tanning (both in the sun and in a solarium).

If you squeeze out blackheads on your own, rub the skin hard, scrub aggressively, the skin will begin to defend itself and produce even more secretion. And microtrauma and destruction of the hydrolipid mantle contribute to the development of fungal infections, purulent skin lesions, scarring and premature aging.

In addition to black spots, white dots may also appear on the skin – milia, known as millet. Milium occurs due to blockage of the sebaceous gland. The secret does not come into contact with air and therefore remains white. Most often, milia appear in women – men use cosmetics less, especially decorative ones.

Milia usually affects those who do not always or completely wash off cosmetics at night. However, alcohol, an unhealthy lifestyle and addiction to fatty and junk food (fast food, sweets, sweet soda, smoked meats) can provoke the formation of milia in both women and men. If there are many white dots, it is recommended to check the condition of the liver, stomach and pancreas. Sun lovers are also at risk of getting white dots: their appearance is provoked by both UV radiation and sunscreens.

Neither white nor black dots can be squeezed out independently. All cleansing procedures are carried out as delicately as possible. Black dots almost always appear on the nose, and the tissues of the nose are very sensitive, quite porous – pits and scars are easily formed there.

You can stretch the pores – and they will become more visible. White dots appear on the thin skin around the eyes, on the cheeks. If you independently and carelessly press or rub them in these areas, there is a high risk of injuring the skin. You risk provoking the formation of dilated vessels and even rosacea. If there are a lot of black or white dots, it is recommended to consult a specialist to avoid complications.

Tips for owners of all skin types to combat blackheads:

Why blackheads appear on the face and how to get rid of them
  • use soap-free cleansers. Today, mass-market brands have high-quality and effective gels, foams, mousses for cleansing;
  • wash your face twice a day – in the morning and in the evening. You can use special cleansers to combat this flaw;
  • do not rub the skin with washcloths – soft massaging movements with your hands are enough;
  • Wash off make-up completely every day. If it is more convenient to use cotton pads, you can choose micellar water or a special makeup remover. And for those who prefer to wash with water, it is worth buying a suitable gel, mousse or foam;
  • after cleansing, go to the second stage of care – use a tonic;
  • completing the care procedure, use a cream suitable for your skin type;
    it is desirable that all cosmetics have a moisturizing effect;
  • scrubbing can be done no more than once a week, it should be light. Choose products with fine and gentle abrasive particles;
  • for inflammation, use antiseptics, but not alcohol (it dries the skin excessively). While there is inflammation on the skin, scrubbing and peeling is prohibited. During this period, give up decorative cosmetics or at least limit its use;
  • it is not recommended to use alcohol lotions;
  • you can use special patches (patches) that clean from black dots. Do this procedure no later than an hour before going outside. After cleansing, it is recommended to apply a cream. It takes at least 40 minutes for the cream to be completely absorbed and not freeze on the skin in winter;
  • film masks can help, but only if they are used no more than once every one and a half weeks;
  • no more than once a week, you can use 3% hydrogen peroxide – moisten cotton pads and hold for five minutes. Peroxide will lighten the oxidized secret (but will not remove it). And masks or patches will already help to remove sebum;
  • attention should be paid to the quantity and quality of decorative cosmetics. Give preference to lighter textures, cosmetics with moisturizing properties, water-based. Do not abuse tonal and masking means. To protect the skin, you can use a high-quality cream-fluid, created specifically for application under makeup. A similar primer of good quality can be found in mass-market brands;
  • review your diet. You may be consuming too many unhealthy foods and drinks;
  • See a dermatologist for a personalized skin care program, then maintain your results with home remedies. In this case, you can change the condition of the skin for the better.

3 myths about blackheads

Why blackheads appear on the face and how to get rid of them

Myth 1. Many people think that a tan helps get rid of blackheads, but this is not so.
While tanning masks the problem, ultraviolet radiation exacerbates it.

Myth 2. If you do peeling and scrub every day, dry the skin with soap and alcohol, rub the skin as hard as possible, then it will be cleared of black spots.
This is a big mistake. Aggressive cleansing will cause a backlash: the skin will begin to produce even more fat and build up the stratum corneum for protection. As a result, there will only be more comedones or milia. And microtrauma and destruction of the natural protective barrier of the skin will allow infections to develop.

Myth 3. If you wash your hands thoroughly, use an antiseptic and medical seals, you can squeeze out the contents of the sebaceous gland yourself without risking anything.
At home, the risk of infection remains. Squeezing a comedone or milia, a person also stimulates the production of sebum, stretches the pores, injures blood vessels and surrounding tissues. The risk of developing acne or scarring is very high.

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